Glossary: I - J


A style of wine where by the grapes are left to freeze on the vine before harvesting, concentrating the sugars (and flavors) to create a rare and pricey honey like elixir.


IGT (Indacazione Geographica Tipica)

An Italian tern for a typical wine of a particular region. It often means a lower quality than the DOC/DOCG level. However, there are many wines that choose to bottle under the IGT to avoid adhering to the regulations of the region. Many of the “Super Tuscan” wines are bottled as IGT and command very high prices.

Industrial Bottling

When the finished wine is ready to be put into the bottle, the winemaker has many choices. One of them, dependent upon a wines demand and the revenue it generates, is to deploy a mobile bottling line. This is a large truck that has been converted into a portable bottling station for large scale operations. Some wineries may even have their own industrial scale bottle system, which is a prohibitively expensive addition for most wine producers. 


A viticultural term describing the application of water to the vines from a source other than the immediate microclimate. This practice is necessary in many regions and not allowed in others.


A winemaking term for A fining agent made most often from the bladder of sturgeon fish. For this reason, it is imperative you are certain that a wine does not go through this process when offering up a wine for a vegetarian, vegan or those with an aversion to animal products.



There are few countries that have been as impactful in the world of wine like Italy. A gastronomical culture combined with optimal growing conditions for Vitis vinifera has intertwined food and wine with Italian culture for thousands of years.  



A wine tasting term for a wine that is showing intensity of fruit flavor, bordering on the candied or liqueur side of richness.  


A large format bottle size that usually mean 4 bottles (3 liters), however, some regions have different volumes.


Judgement of Paris

The infamous tasting which pegged a group of American wines against some very famous French wines in 1976. The American wines edged out their old world competitors and it lead to an immense amount of popularity for the burgeoning industry.



A wine region in eastern France with a long history of production, yet little international acclaim. The wines range from fresh and light to oxidized and rich, with great quality to price point in the offerings. Known for styles of wine such as Vin Jaune, Vin de Paille and Macvin du Jura.